His research focuses on critical theoretical approaches to security and their application to environmental change, Australian security policy, climate politics, and security dynamics in Asia and the Pacific. T raditionally, the primary security concerns of the United States and other nations have included the prevention of external assault, the prevention of insurrections and other large-scale domestic violence, and the maintenance of the political and economic stability of the state. Looking forward 20 years, the proliferation of extreme weather events will lead to systemic changes such as a rise in sea levels. The “New Era” 1991 national security strategy of President George H.W. Learn about the impact and consequences of climate change and global warming for the environment and our lives. The National Security Strategy of the United States of America. Not only does this impact where, when, and why the United States gets involved around the world, the economic implications are cross-cutting at home. To reduce the national security implications of climate change, combatant commands are integrating climate-related impacts into their planning cycles, officials said. Climate Events and National Security Outcomes. 28 U.S. Coast Guard, “Timeline of Coast Guard Organizational History” United States Department of Homeland Security. Videos from this event include: U.S. The White House also released a new report on the national security implications of climate change and how the Federal government is rising to the challenge. An Abrupt Climate Change Scenario and Its Implications for United States National Security considered the potential fallout from abrupt changes in global climate such as a slowing of thermohaline circulation in the Atlantic Ocean, and an increase in winds and sharp decline in soil moisture. While such a move would dramatically change the nature of the Coast Guard and its operations elsewhere in the world, a regional cooperative structure is necessary and viable in the Arctic. Optimists assert that the benefits from technological innovation will be able to … Strategically and operationally, this affects both our ally’s and adversary’s behavior leading to the open-ended question—what does it mean if the Department of Defense (DoD) adopts a posture that focuses on the strategic implications of climate change? This consensus study assessed the national security implications of climate change for the U.S. Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. The Plan Blew Up in Their Faces,” Time, May 7, 2019. https://time.com/5585149/arctic-nuclear-history/, 32 Sergeev, Lev and Maxim Shemetov, “Russia’s first seaborne nuclear powerplant sets sail across Arctic,” Reuters, August 23, 2019. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-russia-nuclear-floating-plant/ russias-first-seaborne-nuclear-power-plant-sets-sail-across-arctic-idUSKCN1VD164, 33 United States. We are proud to be the first DoD academic institution to host an open event exploring the national security significance of a changing climate. pdf. In 2008, the National Intelligence Council conducted a classified National Intelligence Assessment on the security implications of global climate change to 2030. Testimony from Rod Schoonover: 'The National Security Implications of Climate Change' Updated Jun 8, 2019 at 10:45 AM EST Notwithstanding arctic considerations, other legitimate advantages of permanently transferring the Coast Guard to the Department of Defense exist.38. The study examined the potential impact climate change will have on future U.S. naval and allied force operations and capabilities and assessed the robustness of the Department of Defense’s infrastructure for supporting naval operations and … The accelerating rate of decline in Arctic sea ice, which has now reached 12.8 percent over each decade relative to the 1981-2010 average, has enabled more military and economic activity in the region.1 In order to better understand the national security implications of climate change, three topics must be explored: (1) the changing definition of threats; (2) budget prescription and flexibility, and; (3) developing new approaches towards a changing Arctic. 2017. These effects will have particularly important security implications for major legacy hydrocarbon producers and countries that invested heavily in energy exploration and infrastructure during the 21st-century commodity … 5. GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE: NATIONAL SECURITY IMPLICATIONS Carolyn Pumphrey Editor May 2008 This publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Increasingly, the military is used in humanitarian assistance and disaster relief roles whose importance will be compounded by the increased operational tempo due to the nature of climate change.2 The military must maintain its level of readiness to address current and diverse challenges spanning counterinsurgency and stability operations, without losing sight of the necessary changes to win future wars. A terror attack, he explains, captures everyone’s attention and is a visible security threat. U.S. National Security. The climate century is upon us: the earth is warming, humans are to blame, and we must take immediate action now to prepare for climate change’s massively disruptive consequences. Recent examples of the latter include non-state or proto-state terrorists such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS), Al-Qaeda, and the Taliban in the Middle East as well as transnational crime organizations such as the Sinaloa Cartel and Los Zetas, whose illicit activities and businesses undermine or subvert legitimate businesses and governments. The National Security Implications of Climate Change | SIGNAL Magazine Near-peer adversaries are looking to take advantage in the Arctic region, enabling by ice melt and thinning due to climate change. THE NATIONAL SECURITY IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE December 2017 In its 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) officially recognized climate change as a factor worthy of consideration in future national security planning. U.S. National Security. Climate Change and the National Defense Authorization Act (FY18-FY20), June 2020; Climate Change Implications for U.S. Military Aircraft, August 2019; The U.S. Department of Defense’s Forthcoming Climate Change Vulnerability Report: What to Expect and How Congress Should Use It, November 2018 National Security Implications of Climate Change for U.S. Naval Forces addresses both the near- and long-term implications for U.S. naval forces in each of the four areas of the TOR, and provides corresponding findings and recommendations. 5, An event’s potential negative impact on a nation’s position, or perception of its position, is a more appropriate metric of a threat than the traditional model. Each presidential administration must submit the report to Congress every year, unless a waiver is granted. “Russia is Testing Nuclear Weapons at Remote Artic Bases, Despite Global Ban, U.S. Says,” Newsweek, May 30, 2019. https://www.newsweek.com/russia-nuclear-weapons-testing-arctic-us-claims-low-yield-ban-1439109, 31 Houghton, Vince, “The U.S. Last year, a report issued by the Center for Climate and Security (CCS) found that more than 200 U.S. military installations had been flooded by storm surges, compared to about 30 in 2008.  Negative impacts on investments and economic competitiveness. 1991. While climate scientists have been aware of the effect of carbon emissions on average worldwide temperatures for several decades, the 2010s have seen consecutive hottest years on record, along with storms, droughts and wildfires of intensifying power and destructiveness. reed.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/Sec%20335%20RTC%20on%20Effects%20of%20a%20Changing%20 Climate%20to%20DOD2.pdf, 22 U.S. Coast Guard, United States Coast Guard Arctic Strategy, April 2019. https://www.uscg.mil/ Portals/0/Images/arctic/Arctic_Strategic_Outlook_APR_2019.pdf, 23 Osthagen, Andreas. Amazon.com: National Security Implications of Climate Change for U.S. The Coast Guard’s responsibilities in the Arctic are to ensure “the homeland security, safety, and environmental stewardship of U.S. waters.”22 The essence of the Coast Guard’s strategy is founded on three main pillars: enhancing its capability to operate in such a dynamic environment; strengthening and enforcing the international rules-based order; and innovating and adapting through the promotion of resilience and prosperity. There will be nearly 6 billion people in the Asia–Pacific by 2050. Climate change is a direct threat to the national security of the United States and is impacting the stability in areas of the world both where the United States Armed Forces are operating today, and where strategic implications for future conflict exists. Testimony from Rod Schoonover: 'The National Security Implications of Climate Change' Updated Jun 8, 2019 at 10:45 AM EST The second volume of the Fourth National Climate Assessment was released by the White House last Friday. Without this perspective, proper budgeting for threats on the scale of global climate disruption, in turn, does not occur. For nearly a decade, Dr. Schoonover has analyzed impacts of issues at the intersection of science and national security; in particular the national security implications of climate change, global ecological change, water and food security, and emergent and disruptive technologies. The National Security Strategy of the United States of America. Counteracting these effects will require significant, dedicated resources. National Security and the Threat of Climate Change, CNA Corporation, Alexandria, Va. 2Testimony of ADM Joseph Prueher, USN (Ret. A forward presence is required by the Coast Guard to uphold sovereignty. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the international body responsible for assessing the science related to climate change. The national security implications of climate change impacts are far- reaching, as they may exacerbate existing stressors, contributing to poverty, environmental degradation, and political instability, providing enabling environments for terrorist activity abroad. The National Security Impacts of Climate Change The Center for Climate and Security (CCS), the Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI), and the Henry M. Jackson Foundation, held a briefing discussing the role of climate change as a , McCarty Little Hall building, Anchor on U.S. (2017).https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/2500/text#toc-H42DC506687994015B0371FF0D6C134B2, 6 Sterman, David. Naval Forces addresses both the near- and long-term implications for U.S. naval forces in each of the four areas of the TOR, and provides corresponding findings and recommendations. (April 8, 2019). Climate changes uniquely affects U.S. Northern Command, whose mission is protecting the homeland, and in particular Alaska and other northern territories, from potential state actors seeking to spy on, invade, or disrupt the United States.29 Given their aspirations in the Arctic, Russia and China are the obvious regional competitors. CCS is a nonpartisan research institute of the Council of Strategic Risks that supports policies that will best manage the effects of climate change on security. (November 12, 2018) This document summarizes the intelligence community’s estimate of both current and future conflicts as they evolve around the globe. National Security Implications of Climate Change for U.S. In the short-term, the occurrence of resource scarcity such as water shortages is already becoming more prevalent. Some present information on historically observed changes (e.g., temperature, precipitation) while others project changes into the future based on alternative scenarios (e.g. In response to the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO), the National Research Council appointed a committee operating under the auspices of the Naval Studies Board to study the national security implications of climate change for U.S. naval forces. 2500, 116th Cong. During this hearing, the Committee will examine the impacts of a changing climate and associated extreme weather events on U.S. security interests and on … 2017. Military bases, particularly those Army bases that support large amounts of armored and tracked vehicles in the coastal states of Georgia, Mississippi, and North Carolina, are under threat. For more than ten years, it has warned of the potential security implications of climate change. [Washington]: President of the U.S http://nssarchive.us/NSSR/1991.pdf, 36 United States. This includes the increased use of military forces for domestic response, building resilience of defense infrastructure, and the corresponding impacts on training and readiness. Strategically and operationally, this affects both our ally’s and adversary’s behavior leading to the open-ended question—what does it mean if the Department of Defense (DoD) adopts a posture that focuses on the strategic implications of climate change? Some present information on historically observed changes (e.g., temperature, precipitation) while others project changes into the future based on alternative scenarios (e.g. 5 The assessment judged that global climate change will have wide-ranging implications for U.S. national security. © Copyright 2018, Journal of International Affairs. As such, it is in the public domain, and under the provisions of Title 17, United States Code, Section 105, it may not be copyrighted. 6)

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